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Origin and Development of Indian English Poetry


Origin and Development of Indian English Poetry

Origin and Development of Indian English Poetry

Origin and Development of Indian English Poetry

Origin and Development of Indian English Poetry


Indian English poetry has evolved as a vibrant and distinctive literary tradition, reflecting the intersection of diverse cultures, languages, and historical contexts on the Indian subcontinent. From its nascent stages to the present day, Indian English poetry has undergone a fascinating journey, shaped by a confluence of indigenous influences and global literary currents. In this article, we explore the origin and development of Indian English poetry, tracing its trajectory from the colonial period to the contemporary era.

Colonial Beginnings (18th-19th Century):

The roots of Indian English poetry can be traced back to the British colonial period, when English became a significant medium of expression. Early poets like Henry Derozio and Toru Dutt emerged as pioneers, blending Western literary forms with Indian themes. Derozio’s “The Fakeer of Jungheera” and Dutt’s “Sita” exemplify the fusion of English poetic traditions with Indian cultural motifs during this period.

The Bengal Renaissance and Tagore (19th-20th Century):

The Bengal Renaissance marked a cultural revival in the 19th and early 20th centuries, with poets like Rabindranath Tagore contributing significantly to Indian English poetry. Tagore, a Nobel laureate, employed a lyrical and philosophical style, epitomized in his collection “Gitanjali.” Tagore’s poetry transcended linguistic boundaries and resonated with universal themes of love, nature, and spirituality.

Independence and Post-Independence Era (1947 Onwards):

The post-independence period witnessed a surge in Indian English poetry, as poets grappled with the complexities of a newly formed nation. Nissim Ezekiel, A.K. Ramanujan, and Dom Moraes emerged as prominent voices. Ezekiel’s “Night of the Scorpion” and Ramanujan’s “A River” reflect a nuanced engagement with Indian cultural and social landscapes.

The Modernist Phase (1960s-1980s):

The 1960s and 1970s saw a shift towards modernism in Indian English poetry, influenced by global literary movements. Kamala Das, known for her bold and confessional poetry, and Agha Shahid Ali, a prominent Kashmiri-American poet, contributed to the evolving landscape. Das’s “An Introduction” and Shahid’s “The Beloved Witness: Selected Poems” mark this period’s exploration of identity and self-expression.

Feminist Voices and New Poetics (1980s-2000s):

The late 20th century witnessed the emergence of feminist voices in Indian English poetry. Poets like Eunice de Souza and Arundhathi Subramaniam challenged traditional norms and addressed gender issues. De Souza’s “Marriages are Made” and Subramaniam’s “Where I Come From” exemplify the feminist discourse within the genre.

Contemporary Diversity (21st Century Onwards):

In the 21st century, Indian English poetry has seen an explosion of diverse voices, styles, and themes. Poets like Jeet Thayil, Meena Kandasamy, and Tishani Doshi have garnered international acclaim. Thayil’s “These Errors Are Correct” and Kandasamy’s “Touch” reflect the contemporary milieu and the exploration of identity, globalization, and socio-political concerns.


The origin and development of Indian English poetry have been a dynamic and multifaceted journey, evolving through various phases and responding to the changing socio-cultural landscape of India. From the colonial period to the present, Indian English poets have crafted a rich tapestry of verse that not only reflects the diversity of the nation but also contributes to the global discourse on literature. As new voices continue to emerge, the trajectory of Indian English poetry remains an ongoing narrative, shaped by the complexities and resonances of a vibrant and ever-evolving society. 0 0 0.

Origin and Development of Indian English Poetry

Critical Essays on Some Indian English Poetry

  1. Henry Derozio’s ‘Poetry’- A Critical Analysis
  2. Henry Derozio’s Sonnet ‘To the Moon’-An Analytical Study
  3. Henry Derozio’s ‘Song’ -A Critical Analysis
  4. Henry Derozio’s ‘Song of the Hindustanee Minstrel’-A Critical Analysis
  5. Henry Derozio’s Poem ‘Chorus of Brahmins’- A Critical Analysis
  6. Henry Derozio’s ‘Harp of India’-A Critical Analysis
  7. Henry Derozio’s Poem, ‘To the Pupils of Hindu College’-A Critical Analysis
  8. Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Night of Slaughter: Duryodhan’s Death’ -A Critical Analysis.
  9. Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Sita Lost’ – A Critical Analysis
  10. Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Buddha’s Death’-A Critical Study
  11. Greece Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Samarsi’-A Critical Analysis
  12. Brajendra Nath Seal’s Poem  ‘Nature Unveiled’-A Critical Analysis
  13. Brajendranath Seal’s Poem ‘The Rime of the Wizard Knight’-A Critical Analysis
  14. Brajendranath Seal’s Poem ‘ An Ancient Hymn’-A Critical Analysis
  15. Michael Madhusudan Dutt’s Poem ‘King Porus: A Legend of Old’-A Critical Analysis
  16. Michael Madhusudan Dutt’s Poem ‘Satan’- A  Critical Analysis
  17. Michael Madhusudan Dutt’s Poem ‘The Captive Ladie’- A  Critical Analysis
  18. Ram Sharma’s Poem ‘Bhagobati Gita’-A Critical Analysis
  19. Ram Sharma’s Poem, ‘Music and Vision of the Anahat Chakram’-A Critical Analysis
  20. Ram Sharma’s Poem ‘ In Memory of Swami Vivekananda’ -A Critical Analysis
  21. Ram Sharma’s Poem ‘Lines Addressed to James Skibblerus’ -A Critical Analysis
  22. Kasiprasad Gosh’s Poem ‘ The Shair’s Farewell Song’-A Critical Analysis
  23. Kasiprasad Gose’s Poem ‘ To a Dead Crow’ – A Critical Analysis
  24. Kasiprasad Gose’s Poem ‘To a Young Hindu Widow’ -A Critical Analysis
  25. Nizamat Jung’s Poem ‘Soul-Weariness’: A Critical Analysis
  26. Nizamat Jung’s Poem ‘Prologue’-A Critical Analysis
  27. Nizamat Jung’s Poem ‘Spirit of Light’-A Critical Analysis
  28. Nizamat Jung’s Poem ‘Golconda at Sunset’-A Critical Analysis
  29. Sri Aurobindo’s Poem ‘Rose of God’ -A Brief Comment
  30. Sri  Aurobindo’s Poem ‘Trance of Waiting’-A Brief Comment
  31. Sri Aurobindo’s Poem ‘Thought the Paraclete’-A Critical Analysis
  32. Sri  Aurobindo’s Poem ‘Revelation’ – A Critical Analysis
  33. Sri Aurobindo’s Poem ‘Transformation’ -A Critical Analysis
  34. Toru Dutt’s Poem ‘Lakshman’ -A Critical Analysis
  35. Toru Dutt’s Poem ‘Our Casuarina Tree’ – A Critical Analysis
  36. Toru Dutt’s Poem ‘The Lotus’-A Critical  Analysis
  37. Toru Dutt’s Poem ‘A Mon Pere’- A Critical Analysis
  38. Swami Vivekanand’s Poem ‘The Cup’ A Critical Analysis
  39. Swami Vivekanand’s Poem ‘Peace’ A Critical Analysis
  40. Swami Vivekanand’s Poem ‘Kali the Mother- A Critical Analysis
  41. Anilbaran’s Poem ‘My Beloved’-A Critical Analysis
  42. Manmohan Gose’s Poem ‘London’-A Critical Analysis
  43. Manmohan Gose’s Poem ‘The Garden Passion’-A Critical Analysis
  44. Manmohan Ghose’s Poem ‘Poplar, Beech and Weeping Willow’- A Critical Analysis