Home Essays The Bihu | The National Festival of Assam

The Bihu | The National Festival of Assam


The Bihu | The National Festival of Assam

The Bihu The National Festival of Assam

The Bihu The National Festival of Assam

The Bihu | The National Festival of Assam


Bihu is a unique and joyous celebration observed in Assam, a picturesque state situated in the northeastern region of India. This festival holds immense significance in Assam and is eagerly anticipated by people of all age groups. Bihu can be likened to a radiant eruption of happiness that engulfs the entire state of Assam.

Description of the Three Bihus:

Bihu comprises three distinct and individually celebrated components, each characterized by its own distinctive traditions. Let’s delve into the particulars of each:

Bohag Bihu (Rongali Bihu) – The Spring Festival:

Bohag Bihu, also referred to as Rongali Bihu, is commemorated in the month of April. This festival heralds the arrival of spring and marks the commencement of the Assamese New Year. People adorn themselves in new and vibrant attire, and young boys and girls engage in the traditional Bihu dance, accompanied by rhythmic drum beats and melodious songs. Delectable dishes like pitha, laru, and a variety of sweets are prepared during this period.

Kati Bihu (Kangali Bihu) – The Festival of Lights:

Kati Bihu, also known as Kangali Bihu, is celebrated in October. This Bihu is centered around illuminating lamps and offering prayers for a prosperous harvest. Individuals light oil lamps or diyas in their homes and fields to ward off malevolent spirits, with the belief that it will contribute to the prosperity of their crops. Special rituals and prayers are conducted during Kati Bihu.

Magh Bihu (Bhogali Bihu) – The Feast of Food:

Magh Bihu, also identified as Bhogali Bihu, is observed in January. This festival is a time for indulgence in scrumptious culinary delights. People construct huts known as ‘meji’ and ‘bhela ghar’ and set them ablaze. They gather around the bonfire, singing songs and relishing traditional foods like pitha, laru, and an array of sweets. It’s a period characterized by joy and merriment.


In Assam, Bihu symbolizes a period of elation, unity, and the celebration of changing seasons. It is an occasion to express gratitude to nature for bestowing the bounties of life. Therefore, Bihu is not merely a festival; it is a celebration of life in Assam! 0 0 0.

The Bihu The National Festival of Assam

Yo May Like:

Sri Shankardev

Mahatma Gandhi

Additional searches:

The Bihu Essay